World Famous & Historical Diamonds
The most famous diamonds in the world are not only beautiful and very expensive, but also full of both history and mystery. There are many such diamonds in the world. Their different colors, sizes and stories make them all interesting and unique. Choosing only 10 of these jewels is a very difficult task and I do hope I was up to it. Here is my list of the 10 most famous diamonds in the world.
The city of Agra was founded by the Mogul Emperors who made it their capitol for more than a hundred years in the 1500's and 1600's until Aurangzeb, the 6th mogul emperor transferred the seat of the monarchy to Delhi in 1658. It was in Agra that Akbar received a letter from Queen Elizabeth I of England and Jahangir issued a charter to the British East India Company in 1612, granting it freedom to trade in India.
The story of the Agra Diamond begins in 1526 when Babur the first Mogul emperor (1483-1530) took possession of Agra after defeating the Rajah of Gwailor in battle. It is said that as an expression of their gratitude they presented their captors with jewels and precious stones. Since it is recorded that Babur wore the Agra Diamond in his turban, the stone was probably one of those jewels. Now it is owned by SIBA Corporation of Hong Kong.
The Agra was graded by the Gemological Institute of America as a naturally colored Fancy Light Pink, VS2 clarity diamond. It measured 21.10 by 19.94 by 11.59 mm and weighed 32.34 carats with modified cushion shape.
The Ahmadabad diamond has been graded by the GIA as D-color, VS1 clarity and was accompanied by a working diagram indicating that the clarity is improvable. The gem is an antique pear-shaped brilliant and its weight is 78.86 carats. The gem came up for sale at Christie's in Geneva in November of 1995 when it was bought by Robert Mouawad for $4,324,554.Sources: Famous Diamonds by Ian Balfour, Travels in India by Jean Baptiste Tavernier (translated into English by Valentine Ball), and various internet/magazine articles.
Akbar Shah Diamond
The Akbar Shah diamond is a historic diamond of the early 17th century associated with the great Mogul Emperor Akbar the Great and his successors Jahangir Shah and Shah Jahan. The diamond gets its name from Emperor Akbar (1556-1605), whose name is inscribed on the diamond in Arabic. The English translation of this inscription reads as follows: - Shah Akbar, Shah of the world, 1028 A.H.
"The Great Diamonds of the World," in which the diamond is said to have weighed 120 Arabic carats or 116 English carats. It is also said to have adorned one of the eyes of the peacock in the renowned peacock throne of Shah Jahan. Besides this nothing is said about the color, clarity or the shape/cut of the diamond. Being a diamond of Indian origin we may assume the color of the stone to be white or colorless, one of the commonest colors of most of the historic Indian diamonds that originated in the diamond mines of the Southern India, including the famous Golconda diamonds.
History-In every respect a very remarkable stone the "Akbar Shah" entirely disappeared about the close of the seventeenth century, but it has again recently come to light. Thanks to information courteously communicated to us by Messrs George Blog & Co. of London, we are enabled to trace its history back to the famous Mogul Emperor Akbar Shah, apparently its first owner.
The Allnatt is one of the most famous and largest diamonds in the world; with the weight of 102.07 carats when first cut and 101.29 carats after being re-cut. The Allnatt Diamond was named after its first known owner, Major Alfred Ernest Allnatt.It is a cushion cut yellow diamond which came from the mines of South Africa. Currently, it is under the collection of "splendour of Diamond". Current setting for the Allnatt diamond is a brooch which was designed by Cartier. It is set in a platinum flower with five petals, a stem and two leaves, all set with brilliant cut diamonds.
Ash berg Diamond
It is a 102.48 carat, dark brownish yellow diamond with cushion shape. The diamond is named after Mr.Ashberg, a Stockholm banker who bought it in 1934 from the Russian Trade Delegation. The beautiful amber-coloredAsh berg Diamond came up for sale, but unfortunately nobody was willing to pay enough money for it. At the moment the stone is owned by Christies.
History-The diamond is one of the first diamonds discovered in South Africa in the mid-1860s and used to be part of the Russian Crown Jewels, a collection that started in 1719. After the 1920s, the Crown Jewels were transferred to the Kremlin Diamond Fund. In 1934 a Russian trade delegation made a visit to Sweden and sold the Ash berg diamond to Mr. Ash berg. The gem was mounted to a diamond necklace and displayed at the Amsterdam Exhibition a few years later. In 1959 it was put up for sale, however, the buyer remains unknown. In the 80s the stone was failed again to reach its reserve at an auction.
Archduke Joseph Diamond
The Archduke Joseph diamond acquires its name from Archduke Joseph August (1872-1962), a onetime proprietor of the diamond, who was a prince of the Hungarian line up of the Hapsburg dynasty.
The Archduke Joseph diamond is a D-color, 76.45-carat, internally unblemished diamond with a rectangular cushion-cut. The diamond has all the unique features of the best Golconda diamonds, flawless, with a high internal clarity and perfectly colorless nature, giving it a D-color GIA certification. Being a D-color diamond, the Archduke Joseph is a type IIa diamond, which are said to be chemically pure and structurally perfect diamonds. They are also known as the "purest of the pure" of all diamonds. However they constitute only about 1-2 % of all naturally occurring diamonds.
History-Archduke Joseph was the eldest son of Duke Joseph Carl Ludwig, a descendant of Leopold II. He is also known as Joseph of Alcsut. Joseph Francis (1895-1957) the son of Archduke Joseph inherited the famous diamond from his father. It is on proof that on June 1st 1933, the diamond was placed with the Hungarian General Credit Bank in the occurrence of a State Counselor. Conversely about 3 years later on the diamond was sold to an European investor who kept back it in a protected deposit box in France at some stage in world war II and thus runaway the consideration of the Nazis. The stone had strangely vanished after this and its location unknown, until one day in June 1961, the sandstone came up for public sale in London. At that instance the stone received the reputation of being the chief ever, loose diamond, fine quality to be auctioned in Great Britain, but the diamond had to be reserved from the sale when the maximum appreciated £ 145,000 fell distant short of the definite predictable value of the stone. Consequently a group of Hatton Garden buyers made an ineffective proposition to buy the diamond. Yet again in the year, 1993, the diamond was set up for sale at a Christie's sale in Geneva and sold for a record amount of $ 6,500,000.Currently, The Archduke Joseph is the assets of Molina Fine Jewelers, Phoenix, Arizona, has been a little re-cut from 78.54 carats to 76.45 carats.
The Arcot diamonds find their name from the Nawab of Arcot, Nawab Azim-ud-Daula, and the onetime proprietor of the diamonds, who shortly offered them to Queen Charlotte, the consort of King George III, in 1777.
The Arcot diamonds consisted of five brilliants, out of which simply the first two were of important sizes and were elliptical or pear-shaped, pale diamonds with the bigger one having a weight of 38.6 carats. When Harry Winston purchased the diamonds in 1959, he re-cut the two diamonds to enlarge their clarity and brightness and the new weights of the diamonds turned into 30.99 carats for the superior Arcots and 18.85 carats for the smaller one.
The diamonds being stones of 18th century India, the well-known Golconda diamonds, which are completely colorless, being chemically clean in the lack of impurities like boron and nitrogen and structurally ideal in the lack of plastic deformations in the crystal, which can instruct various fancy colors to the diamond.
History-The Arcot diamonds were presented to Queen Charlotte, the consort of King George III, in 1777, by the Nawab of Arcot, Azim-ud-Daula, as a symbol of thankfulness for the military rally round established from the British, next to the French and other armed forces related with the French, in the security and preservation of his kingdom. The Arcot diamonds were the most excellent along with the large group of Jewelry collective by Queen Charlotte. The long expected and momentous sale took place on June 20, 1837, in London, at Willis' Room, in St. James. The Arcots obtained a price of £ 10,000, and was purchased as a birthday gift for his wife, by the first Marques of Westminster, who also bought the round brilliant and the Nassak diamond. The Arcots and new diamonds stay behind in the control of the Grosvenor family for approximately 100 years. In the year 1930, the Arcots jointly with the round radiant and above 1,400 smaller diamonds, consisting of round brilliants, marquise-cut diamonds and diamond baguettes were increased on the eminent Westminster Tiara, by the famous Parisian jeweler Lacloche.
Blue Empress Diamond
The Blue Empress diamond belonging to the Steinmetz Group of Geneva is a newly exposed diamond showed to the world in November 2003, at the Harrods Department Store, in London. The name of the diamond no doubt highlights the rare blue color of the diamond but the designation empress appears to indicate the excellent quality of the diamond, which seems to speak that the diamond is an empress along with blue diamonds.
The Blue Empress diamond is a rare blue diamond, pear-shaped, weighing 14 carats. The color and clearness rating of the diamond are not well-known. The Blue Empress diamond occupies the 8th position in the listing of known famous blue diamonds.
The Blue Empress diamond is a rare Type IIb diamond, a collection to which all naturally decorated blue diamonds is in the right place.
The annual invention of blue diamond, in the Premier diamond mines of South Africa, the world's major foundation of blue diamond’s nowadays, would be sufficient to put the shortage of blue diamonds into proper perspective.
History – The diamond without any doubt, must have initiated in the De Beers Premier Diamond mines of Transvaal, South Africa, allowing for the time it has made its earliest appearance. The Steinmetz Group must have acquired the diamond from De Beers, and this is established by the news report emerging in the Times online of November 22, 2003. Therefore the diamond must have been cut by the master shears of the Steinmetz Group, an important company concerned in all features of the diamond industry, by headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The diamond has been set in a necklace finished of 18k white gold and is bordered by some smaller round colorless diamonds. The Blue Empress diamond is thought to be the most exclusive diamond always presented for sale in a European Shop. Harrods Department store, had positioned a value of £ 10million for the diamond necklace. David Beckham was regarding to buy the diamond necklace for his previous spice girl wife Victoria, for $ 17 million. It was held that the Real Madrid ace required to buy the necklace built just about the rare blue diamond "Blue Empress," to go with a $ 3.4 million diamond ring, he purchased for his wife in early November 2003. David was also described to face hard competition from other buyers, who were also involved in the rare gem and the request for the diamond was estimated to end on December 23, 2003.
The third largest diamond had been produced in Premier Mine. On March 1, 1988, De Beers was having a big celebration of their 100 years in business. Chairman Julian Ogilvie in his speech stunned the crowd – De Beers’ Premier Mine had recently uncovered a diamond that was perfect in color and weighed 599 carats. It had been found nearly two years before; the company kept it quiet for the sole purpose of flaunting it at their 100th anniversary.
It didn’t get to keep all 599 of those carats, though – it had to be cut down to remove some cracks around the edges and it took 154 days to cut 50 carats away. That was just the beginning of the stone’s overhaul – when all was said and done, the Centenary ended up weighing 273.85 carats with 247 facets. The Centenary Diamond is rated in color as grade D color by the Gemological Institute of America, which is the highest grade of colorless diamond and is internally and externally flawless. It’s cut by: Gabi Tolkowsky, Jim Nash, and Geoff Woolett.
In the summer of 1963, a 198.28-carat fancy brown diamond was found in the South African diamond fields. This unusual stone was purchased by Julius Cohen, New York City manufacturing jeweler, under whose direction it was fashioned by the firm of S & M Kaufman into a Fancy Orange-Brown 104.16-carat pear shape. The stone has a total of 189 facets (67 on the crown, 65 vertical facets along the girdle, and 57 on the pavilion) and measures 24.98 mm wide, 39.10 mm long, and 16.00 mm deep. It has a depth of 64.1% and a table of 44%. It was mounted as the central stone in a yellow gold necklace of 410 oval and marquise-shaped diamonds.
In the rough state, the diamond appeared to be a light honey color; after cutting, however, it proved to be a rich golden brown, with overtones of sienna and burnt orange, the warm colors of the brown chrysanthemum after which the stone was named.
The diamond is currently owned by Garrard's of London. Sources: Diamonds - Famous, Notable and Unique by Lawrence Copeland (GIA), private sources.
Cora Sun-Drop Diamond
The Cora Sun-Drop Diamond is the largest yellow pear-shaped diamond known, weighing 110.3 carats (22.1 g). Being sold for $10.9 million it has set a world record for a diamond. The Sun-Drop has a very short history. It was found in South Africa in 2010 within a Kimberlite pipe. Tests show that the diamond was formed from 1 to 3 billion years ago. After that, on 24 February 2011, it was kept in The Vault of the London Natural History Museum together with many other precious stones, such as the Duke of Devonshire Emerald and the Aurora Pyramid of Hope, where it stayed for six months.
In November 2011, it was sold at an auction in Geneva for just over $10.9 million the stone was cut and owned by the diamond manufacturing company Cora International, based in New York. It was sold at the auction by Sotheby's Magnificent Jewels.
Cullinan-1 Diamond (Great Star of Africa)
This diamond, at 530.20 carats, is currently listed as the largest cut diamond in the world. It has 74 facets and is pear-shaped in appearance. It is currently part of the “royal scepter” and is being kept along with the other Crown Jewels in the Tower of London. It was first cut from the Cullian, the largest diamond crystal ever discovered at 3106 carats, which went on to create 96 smaller stones. It was first discovered in South Africa in the year 1095. This diamond is made famous not only by its size, but also because of the legend that suggests the other “half” of the Cullian may have existed, which would have made one impressively sized diamond crystal.
Currently, it is the head of St. Edward’s sceptre, one of the British Crown Jewels but it can be removed and worn as a brooch.
It is the largest diamond ever discovered. When it was extracted, it was of 3,160 carat. It was gifted to king Edward VIII of the United Kingdom.
Darya-ye Noor Diamond
The Darya-ye Noor “Ocean of Light” weighing an estimated 182 carats with pale pink colour, is one of the rarest to be found in diamonds. The Darya-ye Noor presently forms part of the Iranian Crown Jewels and is on display at the Central Bank of Iran in Tehran. In 1739, Nader Shah of Persia invaded Northern India, occupied Delhi and then massacred many of its inhabitants. As payment for returning the crown to the Mughal emperor, he took possession of the entire fabled treasury of the Mughal, including the Darya-ye noor, in addition to the Koh-I -noor and the Peacock throne. All of these treasures were carried to Iran by Nader Shah and the Darya-ye-noor has remained there ever since.
This diamond was one of the stones stolen by Murph the surf along with the star of India. While the other diamond was recovered; it was never seen again. And, according to the experts believe, the stone was sold and re-cut into smaller diamonds.
Earth star Diamond
The name of the diamond seems to have been inspired by two of the unique characters of the stone, viz. the strong brown color, and its extraordinary brilliance, which led the owner of the diamond, Mr. Joseph Baum gold, of New York, to name it the "Earth Star",
The "Earth Star" is a 111.59-carat, pear-shaped diamond with a strong brown color and extraordinary brilliance, the exact color grade of the diamond is not known, but under the Argyle color grading scale for brown diamonds, going by the description of the diamond, it may fall under dark brown, which is equivalent to fancy cognac and C7 color grade.
In the rough state the "Earth Star" weighed 248.9 carats. The diamond had gone through the entire recovery process until it appeared on the grease tables of the recovery plant. The discovery of this unique stone was quite a surprise for the miners, as well as the people in the diamond industry, because Jagersfontein had been a source of numerous fine diamonds, and only a few of them had been brown.
In almost 80 years of its existence, this was the first time that a large stone of this color was produced. Besides, this specimen came from 2,500 feet below the surface, which was exceptionally deep, for a gem of this size to be found. The diamond was purchased by Mr. Joseph Baum gold of Baum gold Brothers of New York, who named the diamond the "Earth Star."
In the year 1983, the Earth Star was purchased by Mr. Stephen Zbova of Naples, Florida, for a sum of $ 900,000.
It is about 10.73 carat brilliantly cut smoky diamond and it was the first diamond discovered in South Africa.
Excelsior diamondwas the world’s largest-known uncut diamond until the discovery of the Cullinan diamond in 1905. When found by a worker loading a truck in the De Beers mine at Jagersfontein, Orange Free State, on June 30, 1893, the blue-white stone weighed about 995 carats. After long study the Excelsior diamond was cut (1904) by I.J. Asscher and Company of Amsterdam into 21 stones ranging in weight from less than 1 carat to more than 70 carats.
The name Excelsior, meaning higher, came from the stone's original shape - flat on one side and rising to a peak on the other. It was cut into 21 diamonds, the largest being 69 carats.
The Florentine is an enigmatic diamond which is believed to have a light yellow color, with a green overtone and an estimated 137 carats. Its known history starts with the duke of Burgundy in the 15th century. Apparently, he died in battle while wearing the diamond. The stone was stolen from him by a peasant who sold it for a florin, because he thought it was mere glass. It then changed owners several times, for small amounts of money. In the 17th century, we find the Florentine in the possession of the Medici family. When the last Medici died, the diamond arrived in Vienna, and became one of the Habsburg Crown Jewels. After the World War I, it was stolen and never found again, though a particular diamond was believed to be the lost one, because of its similarities with the Florentine.
The Golden Jubilee is holding the title of the world’s largest faceted diamond in the world, measuring 545, 67 carats. It was discovered in 1985, in the Premier mine of South Africa. At first, it was considered an ugly brown diamond. Gabriel Tolkowsky received the diamond, which was supposed to be used at testing some new tools and cutting methods. The result astonished everyone. It turned out that the “Unnamed Brown” was actually a very beautiful yellow-brown diamond. It remained unnamed until it was presented to the king of Thailand in 1997, for the 50th anniversary of his coronation (thus, its name).
GOLDEN MAHARAJA DIAMOND
It has an unknown past but most experts agree it comes from a South Africa's mine. It's known for its fancy dark brown colour.
GREAT MOGHUL DIAMOND
It is the most legendary diamond of the ancient world. The great Mughal diamond was said to have measured 240 carats, a size unheard of in the ancient world.
Heart of Eternity
The Heart of Eternity is a very rare class of colored diamonds. The Heart of Eternity is the measure of diamonds 27.64 carats. The Heart of Eternity was found in the South African Premier Diamond Mine, which is the largest supplier of blue diamonds in the world. Don’t be fooled though, only 0.1% of their total production consists of blue diamonds which equals about 1 blue diamond each year. The honor of cutting this diamond into its current form befell the Steinmetz Group. They owned this precious blue diamond before selling it to the De Beers Group. The Heart of Eternity was first unveiled to the public in January 2000 as part of the before mentioned De Beers Millennium Jewels collection. The price of this diamond is about $ 16 million.
This peach colored stone of 20 carats was named after Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland, who was Josephine’s daughter and the stepdaughter of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Hortensia had been part of the French Crown Jewels since Louis XIV bought it. Along with the Regent, it is now on display at the Louvre, Paris. The Hortensia diamond is pentagonal-cut with a corresponding 5-side pavilion, tapering towards the culet with a crack extending from the edge of the girdle to near the culet. When the French Crown Jewels were auctioned in 1887, the Hortensia was one of the substances expelled, together with the Regent, because of their historic and creative concentration.
Idol’s Eye Diamond (Hop Diamond)
The name Idol's Eye seems to indicate the origin of the diamond, which is believed to have been stolen from the eye of a Hindu idol belonging to a sacred Hindu temple in India. Other diamonds which were believed to have had similar origins were the Orlov and the Hope diamonds. The latter diamond particularly became not only famous but also notorious as it was believed that a curse was placed on the diamond by the priests of the Hindu Temple, from where the diamond was stolen.
The Idol's eye is either a 16th or 17th century diamond. The Kollur Mines near Golconda were discovered in the mid-16th century, and had peak production outputs in the mid-17th century. The shape of this diamond – something between an Old Mine cut and a triangular brilliant – looks like an eye. The stone compares favorably with others deemed to have been set in this manner which suggests that certain idols found in sacred buildings in the East have had very oddly-shaped eye-like orifices. The Idol’s Eye weighs 70.21 carats, possessing a slight bluish tinge. The first authenticated fact of the Idol’s Eye was its appearance at a Christie’s sale in London on July 14th, 1865. It was knocked down to a mysterious buyer simply designated as “B.B.”
Last transaction and present owners of the diamond In January 1983, Mr. Laurence Graff was able to put together a lucrative deal that saw the disposal of three famous diamonds, the 70.21-carat Idol's Eye, the 41.94-carat Emperor Maximilian, and the 70.54-carat Sultan Abdul Hamid II, to the same anonymous buyer, for an undisclosed sum, considered to be one of the highly priced diamond transactions ever known. The Idol's Eye is still believed to be owned by this anonymous buyer.
The Klopman diamond is a fabulous, legendary and huge diamond, said to have a curse associated with it. The Klopman diamond was originally the subject of a traditional joke, a typical version of which is: A businessman boarded a plane to find, sitting next to him, an elegant woman wearing the largest, most stunning diamond ring he had ever seen. He asked her about it. “This is the Klopman diamond,” she said. “It is beautiful, but it’s like the Hope diamond; there is a terrible curse that goes with it.” “What’s the curse?” the man asked. She said “Mr. Klopman. The Klopman Diamond was used as a running gag in the animated television show Garfield and Friends.
Koh-I-Noor Diamond/ Mountain of light Diamond
Apparently, this is one of the oldest diamonds known to man. According to the legend, this diamond is more than 8000 years old. However, a much more documented hypothesis is that it was discovered in 1306 when it was taken from a Rajah of Malwa, whose family had held the diamond for centuries. The earliest recorded mention of the diamond is in the memories of Babur (Baburnama), the first Mogul ruler of India. It then passed through many hands and its long, complex history cannot be told here. It suffices to say that the diamond arrived to England in the 19th century and entered the possession of Queen Victoria. It was described as weighing 186 carats and was an oval cut white diamond - the shape and size of a small hen's egg. Not satisfied with its cutting, which caused it to shine less than it should have, the queen had it recut, which meant a loss of weight of almost 43%. It was then set in the queen’s crown, in frontal position. India did not give up one of its most precious gems easily. The Indian government continued to ask the return of the diamond, with no success.
Millennium Star Diamond
De Beers and the Steinmetz Group has unveiled the world's rarest and arguably the most valuable set of diamonds ever put together to mark the year 2000. The De Beers Millennium Star, a D-color, internally and externally flawless pear-shape, cut to perfect proportions, weighing a hefty 203.04 carats. It is the second largest faceted D-Flawless diamond in the world, the 273.15 carat Centenary Diamond is the first.
The Millennium Star is the centerpiece of the company's Limited Edition Millennium Diamonds collection which further consists of 11 highly unusual blue diamond’s cut into a variety of shapes, having a total weight of 118 carats. The diamonds were presented to the world with great theater during an impressive ceremony at the top floor of the CSO's Charterhouse Street complex in London.
Originally, the rough stone was 777 carats, a magic number. Found in the Buyimai district, the discovery set off a gold-rush type of influx of diggers hoping to find a similar stone. But, as it was the only stone of this type found in the present millennium.
Moussaieff Red Diamond
This gem is of an amazing beauty and it is estimated at 5, 11 carats. It has a triangular brilliant cut (it features numerous facets, which offer it great brilliance). Its amazing colour was established to be “fancy red” by the GIA. One of the most famous diamonds in the world, the Moussaieff Red was first discovered by a Brazilian digger in the Abaetezinho River in 1990 and it is believed to have had 13.9 carats.
Ocean Dream Diamond
The Ocean Dream is a diamond of 5.51 carats (1.102 g), color as Fancy Deep Blue-Green by the GIA. The Ocean Dream is the only natural diamond known to the GIA to possess a blue-green hue, making it one of the rarest diamonds in the world. After careful study, the GIA concluded that its distinct hue is a result of millions of years of exposure to natural radiation.
The Ocean Dream originated in Central Africa, and is currently owned by the Cora Diamond Corporation. The Ocean Dream was displayed as part of the Smithsonian's "The Splendour of Diamonds" exhibit, alongside the De Beers Millennium Star, The Heart of Eternity and the Moussaieff Red.
The Oppenheimer Diamond, a nearly perfectly-formed 253.7 carat (50.74 g) yellow diamond Kimberly, South Africa in 1964. The crystal is one of the largest uncut diamonds in the world. It measures approximately 20 × 20 millimeters. It was discovered in the Dutoitspan Mine, This almost perfect yellow crystal was found in the Dutoitspan Mine, Kimberly, South Africa in 1964. It was acquired by Harry Winston, who presented it to the Smithsonian Institution in memory of the late Sir Ernest Oppenheimer of DeBeers Consolidated Mines.
The Orlov is one of the most intriguing diamonds in the world. It has a blurry past and it is said that it was stolen from an idol, where the stone stood as one of the eyes of the statue. However, many questions remain: First, if this is true, what happened to the other eye? Could it have been the above mentioned Koh-I-Noor? Another theory is that the Orlov diamond is actually the legendary stone called the Great Mogul, which was only described by Jean Batiste Tavernier and it was lost forever centuries ago. Whatever the truth, The Orlov diamond is now in the possession of the Russian government and it is set in the Imperial sceptre. It is estimated at 189 carats but its historical value cannot be priced.
A Paragon is a unique phenomenon in the world being a diamond weighing in at 137.82 carats. A very unusual 7-faced diamond, the Paragon is commonly accepted as the epitome of the finest quality gem in the world. The Graff Diamond Co. of London cut the gem, and is its current owner. The necklace has a diamond carat weight of 190.27 carats, and separates to both necklace and bracelet lengths. The piece features Fancy Intense blue, yellow and pink diamonds along with the Paragon Diamond, a 137.82-carat D-color Flawless diamond, evolved unmistakably into Graff's creation for the Millennium.
Polar Star Diamond
The Polar Star diamond has an eight-pointed star on its lower pavilion and a 2mm flat culet. The symmetry of the cut is so exact that this loose diamond can be balanced upright on its (point) culet. This is an Indian diamond, from Golconda, and has been described as: “the brightest diamond ever seen”. The cut weight is 41.28 carat in a very well-shaped oval configuration. First owned by Joseph Bonaparte, eldest brother of Napoleon, who once ruled Naples and then Spain (1806-1813) the Polar Star was sold into Russia sometime around 1820.
The Polar Star diamond changed hands several times and was last purchased by a gem dealer from Sri Lanka for 8 million Swiss francs in 1980. Few have seen it since. This unique cut configuration is especially beautiful and difficult to duplicate. Very few known diamonds enjoy such proportions.
PREMEIR ROSE DIAMOND
From the premier mine in South Africa it was discovered in 1978. When, the diamond was cut down to its finished size of 137.02 carats, it was recognised as setting a new standard for position and symmetry in large diamonds.
It is small in comparison with other diamonds and Pumkin diamond is the largest fancy orange colored known in the world.
The Regent Diamond is one of the most famous diamonds in the world. It is currently displayed at the Louvre in Paris. The Regent Diamond weighs 140.64 carats and is colored white. It is a square shaped cushion cut diamond. The Regent Diamond is the size of a small plum and measures 47.6mm in height, 31.75mm in width and 34.92 mm in length.
The Regent originated from India in Golconda where it was found at the at the Parteal mine. The famous Regent diamond was first known as the Pitt Diamond when it was purchased by the British Prime Minister William Pitt. Its common name, the Regent, originated from the title of the Duke of Orleans who was the Regent of France who purchased the diamond in 1717.
The Sancy Diamond is one of the most famous diamonds in the world. It is currently displayed in the Apollo Gallery at the Louvre in Paris. The Sancy weighed 106 carats as a rough diamond and now weighs 55 carats after the cutting process. The Sancy diamond is pear-shaped being a "Pendeloque" or "Briolette" cut with a pale yellow color. Itwas first owned by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, who lost it in battle in 1477. The stone is in fact named after a later owner, Seigneur de Sancy, a French Ambassador to Turkey in the late 16th century. He loaned it to the French king, Henry III who wore it in the cap with which he concealed his baldness. Henry IV of France also borrowed the stone from Sancy, but it was sold in 1664 to James I of England.
Spirit of de Grisogono Diamond
This rare and unique black diamond gets its name from de Grisogono the famous Swiss jeweler and cutter of diamonds, who together with Fawaz Gruosi another famous Swiss jeweler had been responsible for creating the current enthusiasm for black diamond jewelry. De Grisogono, the world renowned black diamond cutting specialist, was responsible for cutting the diamond in the style of an old Mughal-cut diamond, and it was in his honor the style of an old Mughal-cut diamond, and it was in his honor the diamond was subsequently named as "the Spirit of de Grisogono."
The spirit of de Grisogono rough diamond is perhaps the 18th largest rough diamond discovered in the world so far.The Spirit of de Grisogono rough diamond when first discovered in the Central African Republic - one of only two countries in the world where black alluvial diamonds are commonly found - had a weight of 587 carats. Being polycrystalline carbon ado, it may not be appropriate to list this diamond with other conventional diamonds. Yet, when it so listed with other extraordinarily large rough diamonds, discovered in diamond producing countries of the world, such as India, Brazil, South Africa etc. The resulting mogul-cut diamond weighs 312.24 carats (62.45 g) and is set in a white gold ring with 702 smaller white diamonds totaling 36.69 carats (7.34 g). The ring is said to have been sold.
Spoon maker’s Diamond
The Spoon maker’s Diamond the pride of the Topkapi Palace Museum and its most valuable single exhibit as part of the Imperial Treasury, it is an 86 carats (17 g) pear-shaped diamond. Various stories are told about the Spoon maker’s Diamond. According to one tale, a poor fisherman in Istanbul empty-handed along the shore when he found a shiny stone among the litter, which he turned over and over not knowing what it was. After carrying it about in his pocket for a few days, he stopped by the jewelers’ market, showing it to the first jeweler he encountered. The jeweler took a casual glance at the stone and appeared disinterested, saying “It’s a piece of glass, take it away if you like, or if you like I’ll give you three spoons. You brought it all the way here, at least let it be worth your trouble.” What was the poor fisherman to do with this piece of glass? What’s more the jeweler had felt sorry for him and was giving three spoons. He said okay and took the spoons, leaving in their place an enormous treasure. It is for this reason they say that the diamond’s name became the “Spoon maker’s Diamond”.
These surrounding separate brilliants give it "the appearance of a full moon lighting a bright and shining sky amidst the stars”.
Steinmetz Pink Diamond
The Steinmetz Pink is displayed as part of the Smithsonian’s “The Splendor of Diamonds” exhibition. The Steinmetz Pink is the diamond weighing 59.60 carat with 11. 92 g, given a color as Fancy Vivid Pink by the Gemological Institute of America. The Steinmetz Pink is the largest known diamond has been given Vivid Pink. The price of this diamond is about $ 25 million.
The Taylor-Burton is named after both Elizabeth Taylor herself and her husband Richard Burton who purchased this precious stone in 1969. The original rough diamond was discovered three years earlier in South-Africa weighing an impressive 241 carats. Shortly after being found, the diamond received a pear shaped cut resulting in a diamond of 69, 42 carats. The buyer was the luxury brand Cartier, who named it the Cartier diamond and placed it in a necklace. Shortly afterwards it was already sold to Richard Burton who gifted it to his wife Elizabeth Taylor. It was first known as the Cartier-Burton diamond before receiving its final name: the Taylor-Burton diamond. The auction of the Taylor-Burton After the second divorce of the Taylor-Burton couple, Elizabeth Taylor auctioned off the diamond in 1978. It went for the impressive value of $5.000.000, the proceeds of this auction was donated to the construction of a hospital in Botswana. The diamond’s current owner is Robert Mouawad; he found the diamond to have a few rough edges. That’s why he had it recut resulting in a renewed Taylor-Burton diamond weighing 68 carats.
Tiffany Yellow Diamond (Bird on a rock)
The Tiffany Yellow Diamond is one of the largest yellow diamonds ever discovered it weighed 287.42 carats in the rough when discovered in 1878 in the Kimberley mine in South Africa. It was founded by Charles Lewis Tiffany in 1837. The facet pattern features eight needle-like facets pointing outward from the culet (bottom) facet. Jewelry and diamond historian Herbert Tillander refers to this as a 'stellar brilliant cut', and lists the gem in his book "Diamond Cuts in Historic Jewelry - 1381 to 1910" (1995) among other diamonds. The gem was on loan from Tiffany & Co. to the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington D.C. and was on display from April 18th, 2007 until September 23rd, 2007. At the time, Jeffrey E. Post, the museum`s gem curator, said that this is the largest diamond on display in the U.S.
On August 13, 1938 Brazil revealed its greatest gem when a diamond weighing 726.6 carats was picked up in the gravels of the San Antonio River in the Commandeer district of Mina's Gerard. Two garishness (diamond diggers or prospectors), Joaquin Venancio Tiago and Manoel Miguel Dominguez, were the lucky finders. Their good fortune did not extend very far. Not long after they had sold the diamond to a broker for $56,000, the same man sold it for $235,000. The buyer in turn sold the gem to a Dutch syndicate represented by the Dutch Union Bank of Amsterdam. By then the diamond had been named "President Vargas" in honor of Giulio Dardanelles Vargas, president of Brazil (1930-45 and 1951-54).
The rough Vargas diamond was cut into 29 gems, out of which 19 were of considerable size and the remaining 10 were smaller stones. The total weight of the finished diamonds was 411 .06 carats. Out of the 29 gems, 16 were emerald-cut stones, one pear-shaped, and one marquise-cut. 10 of the smaller gems were triangular brilliants and one was a baguette. All diamonds were D-color diamonds of exceptional quality.
The largest diamond was an emerald-cut, weighing 48.26 carats and retained the name President Vargas. The occurrence of these diamonds however is only about 1-2 % of all naturally occurring diamonds.
The Wittelsbach-Graff Diamond is a fancy deep-blue diamond with internally flawless clarity. Laurence Graff purchased the Wittelsbach Diamond in 2008. Wittelsbach Diamond is also known as Der Blaue Wittelsbacher is 35.56 carat (7.11 g) blue diamond with VS 2 clarity that has been appreciated by the nobility of Europe for centuries. It has become part of both the Austrian and Bavarian crown jewels. Color and clarity has been compared with the Hope Diamond. The price of this diamond is about $ 16.4 million.